@MollieTheMare's banner p




0 followers   follows 0 users  
joined 2022 September 06 17:56:29 UTC


User ID: 875



0 followers   follows 0 users   joined 2022 September 06 17:56:29 UTC


No bio...


User ID: 875

I do think the case of Taiwan is a pretty good example where using alternate terminology is just imprecise, and not more sophisticated.

Among the "main options" for positions to support:

  1. Status quo
  2. De facto separate self-governing
  3. Special administrative region
  4. De jure independence
  5. Unification under ROC (I would have thought implausible, but maybe people thought the same thing for Germany)
  6. Annexation under PRC

The term "Taiwan" is probably the most neutral term, though it could indicate support for options 1, 2, 3, or 4? The term "Formosa" alone could indicate support for options 1, 2, or 4?? Saying "A/The (New) Republic of Formosa" is probably unambiguously supportive of option 4. The term "Republic of China" could indicate support for options 1 or 5? Lastly, "Chinese Taipei" could indicate support for options 1, 3, or 6?

If you have any interest in aviation, I highly recommend the Smithsonian Air and Space Udvar-Hazy Anex. It's the one out in the suburbs, but has a much larger collection than the one by the rest of the Smithsonians, including Space Shuttle Discovery, Enola Gay, and a SR-71. The one on the main Smithsonian campus does have the Wright Flyer and the Apollo 11 Command Module, though it at least used to be hard to get a good look because they were always swarmed with people.

In the case of "just mayo" with the picture of an egg on the front, it was literally carried in national US grocery store chains next to Hellman's "real mayonnaise." Reserving my commentary on mayonnaise as a food, at least Hellman's actually is an emulsion of egg and oil.

The old just mayo packaging, before they were forced to changed, is by far the most egregious I've seen. It literally has a picture of an egg on the front with no 'egg free' disclaimer. I guess the claim was the plant superimposed on the egg was supposed to indicate that the egg was replaced by pea protein? I very much doubt the average consumer interpenetrated it that way, the name and illustration was much more suggestive of "only contains egg and neutral plant oil emulsion."

NPC: A person who acts in the manner of an automaton. One where their actions and communications fail to show individual agency.

The closest thing I found from a quick search was “Education and Correctional Populations.” which gives, in circa approximately 1997, 2.4% of state inmates, 8.1% federal inmates, 22.0% general US population having a college degree or higher. No information on post-graduate degrees or specific crime. Though apparently the Bureau of Justice Statistics conducts regular surveys. Data is supposedly available at the link, but seems to be down.

Isn't the income for most convicted murderers zero? I guess it should be for the years trailing arrest. The Prison Policy Initiative has reports for both education and pre-incarceration incomes, I didn't look at all at the methodology. Median pre-incarceration income of all male 27-42 incarcerated people in 2014 dollars was $19,650 vs $41,250 for non-incarcerated men.

Are there hints as to why there should be cancer risk? I naively would have thought that cancer risk would be reduced from increased cell apoptosis coming from running a sustained caloric deficit.

Most AC-DC power supplies have a bank of filtering capacitors which can degrade with time. The electrolyte in the electrolytic capacitors can also have some temperature sensitivity. More likely the internals of the PSU are just coated with a layer of grime and dust at this point, and the heat sinks on the switching gear can't reject the waste heat from the conversion effectively. There may be a thermal fuse that trips if the PSU overheats. I would generally advise against opening up an PSU, as even unplugged there can be quite a bit of stored energy in the caps if you just go poking around. If you're fairly certain the PSU is the culprit you can always try blasting it with a can of compressed air, it wont make it any more broken. Immobilize the fans before you do so they don't over-speed.

There are a bunch of plots out there, mostly using the NLSY97. See for example the figures under "IQ/test score by educational attainment level" here.

Edit: Also pretty interesting, the paper Scott linked to a while ago separating cognitive and non-cognitive factors in educational attainment. The paper abstract seems to imply the link between cognitive factors and educational attainment is well established.

I completely forgot not everyone has dumbbell hooks. It's a real game changer not to have to kick up heavy dumbbells.

I guess it must vary by gym? I would guess there are at least as many people in the average gym using the dumbbell rack vs the barbell benches.

I mentioned above that I think bench press is a sub-optimal exercise, I probably should have specified barbell bench press. I do think there is a place for both bilateral and unilateral exercises though. A lot of real world horizontal pressing involves using both arms. I also think the average gym has 100's as the heaviest dumbbells which is not really that much above the level of all the people you see barbell benching 225. You do see 120's in some gyms, but in most gyms big enough to have them you see people benching at least 315 on the barbell.

For overhead press I am actually pretty certain I see more people using dumbbell vs barbells.

Edit: Also, which muscle do actually get more engagement in dumbbell bench? If your lats are fully engaged aren't your scapula constrained by the bench anyway? Substantial loading of the rotator cuff during the bench press doesn't sound like a great idea.

smaller stabilizing muscles

I think I would argue that it’s not that you can’t target the “smaller” muscles in the body with a machine, it’s that a machine that travels in a fixed path requires less firing of multiple muscle groups synergistically.

For example, for a high bar back squat, the prime movers are the quadriceps, but the synergists include the gluteus maximus, which is a “big” muscle group. The hamstrings are considered a dynamic stabilizer in the movement but should not be “small” and should be trained to fire in coordination with the quadriceps. A leg extension removes much of the requirement for the coordinated contraction between the quadriceps and hamstrings.

Unless you are focusing solely on powerlifting, it's generally a good idea to include a vertical press and upper body pull, probably a vertical and horizontal pull. So really at least five, probably six exercises. Bench honestly kind of sucks as an exercise, but everyone knows about it, so it's embarrassing to have a bad bench if you regularly lift weights. Weighted pushups and dips are probably better if you think you'll never get asked how much you bench.

The basic reasoning for free weight over machines is that to lift a free weight you have to control all six degrees of freedom, whereas for a machine you only have to control one. Squats also require you to practice loading the whole kinetic chain, rather than just the legs as in a leg press or leg extension. In terms of "functionality," that has much better carryover to general physical preparedness. Cables are somewhere in-between, but harder to load heavy enough to provide a near-maximal load for a healthy average-sized adult.

Machines sell memberships and do "work," especially for hypertrophy, but it's very rare to see someone get legitimately strong on only machines.

OKCupid blog found.

I think that is the source I was thinking of. I'm glad my description was at least accurate enough to dig up the correct post. It's a bit tricky to recall nowadays, especially since so many of the original blog posts have been memory holed.

I'm not sure of a source that is both serious and targeted at layman. Awhile ago, possibly on a related forum, there was a thread discussing the pair of articles "Why Are Women Hot?" and "Dispelling Beauty Lies: The Truth About Feminine Beauty".

I'm pretty sure not everything claimed in those pieces is supported by the academic literature. There are a bunch of academic studies, though it's unclear how repeatable the results are. From memory, generally people prefer faces that are close to but not exactly symmetric. Composite images of population average faces score highly, but not highest, on attractiveness. People tend to approach a "8s" with traits they find particularly compelling rather than "10s."

The room temperature superconductor thing might count under the complete breakdown of the pursuit of truth at academic institutions, and the replacement of enlightenment scientific principles with a full embrace of scientisim as a theology. Or perhaps the grifting perpetuated by people claiming the next big advance in room temperature superconductor, fusion, string theory, etc. being 'only' 10 years away if 'only' we had another billion of funding.

I'm not necessarily arguing that's the right take, and arguably the Stanford president "resigning" because of academic misconduct is a better case to argue for the collapse of academia as a trusted institution. But these things are at lease culture war adjacent.

This. The assortative selection + hiring trends means the effect is reversed from the historical

traditionally spousal hiring was seen as benefiting women

OPs referenced. The primary effect is benefiting the university, which is why they offer them.

For the tenure track spousal faculty hires I know personally 4/4 have had the wife as the primary hire, with the husband as or more capable than their wives. Additionally, there are inter-departmental considerations at play. Often the university/dean allocate only one faculty position for a department, but if the department makes a strong case a spousal hire is "necessary" they essentially get allocated an "extra" faculty slot. The net effect is that the university can hire two people of roughly equal caliber for substantially less than if they hired two people independently. The spousal offer is almost never as as good in terms of salary or startup package. In some cases the husband is essentially "free" to the university when a soft money position is offered. In this case they are responsible for funding their research from external grants and no salary is guaranteed. All they get is to have an official institutional affiliation, and maybe a lab space in the the basement. Normally a researcher who is capable of capturing that much external funding would be able to get a tenure track position at some university, but they might be willing to give that up to be able to stay with their wife.

Agreed, that's basically the only chart people reference for benchmarks. Sometimes referred to as Coggan's power level chart. I wanted to add that the author has mentioned several times its only meant to be illustrative not prescriptive.

Critical power can also be a useful training tool to supplement FTP as it takes more than one point on the power-time curve as input.

How you should train depends on goals. If you just want someone to tell you what to do and are just riding for exercise concept2 has a bikeerg WOD. If you hate yourself and are a beginner you can alternate VO2 max interval and threshold days. Anything more advanced than that one would probably need to consult a more exhaustive resource on training. The Cyclist's Training Bible is a popular one.

even in the 6 degrees F lows that Google says it has there

I don't think this is right. From the NOAA National weather service data portal, selecting Sioux Falls Area > Monthly summarized data > 2000-2023 > min temp > daily minimum, the mean minimum is -19°F with a max annual minimum of -5°F. Personally I draw the line for walking at 0°F. To me that's the point where a good hat and jacket aren't enough anymore. In sub 0°F conditions frostbite (or at least frostnip) is a real concern with any real time outdoors. I personal don't want to have to slather petroleum jelly all over my face in order to go buy some groceries.

Not only does the warm air from the Mediterranean make Europe warmer, but the Great Plains and Midwest regularly have the continental polar air masse push south and bring sustained below 0°F temperatures. Many parts of the Middle of the US are consistently colder than coastal Canada. The mean minimum annual temperature in Sioux Falls is -19.2°F (-28.4°C), the mean minimum annual temperature in Belgrade is 14.7°F (-9°C). From personal experience, there is a big difference between -19.2°F and 14.7°F.

I'm reminded of quote from Teller that goes: "von Neumann would carry on a conversation with my 3-year-old son, and the two of them would talk as equals, and I sometimes wondered if he used the same principle when he talked to the rest of us."

I think the sentiment is something like the most clever can find stimulation in anything, they don't have to restrict themselves to only the things that they think are the most erudite.

Are you fully warmed up when you start your working sets? Something like 5-9-9-8-7-6 might help. With the first set as a sort of primer. The last few sets can be done on short rest as drop sets for the extra volume.

Once you get to 10-12 reps, you might consider adding weighted pull-ups to one session a week, targeting ~5 reps per set with longer rest. You should be able to start with a dumbbell held in your feet. At more than +10kg (25 lbs) its easier to use a dip belt, martial arts belt, or vest though. Straps will help if you are doing other exercises that have already fatigued your grip, but you shouldn't be limited by grip if you have a fresh grip and decent grip strength.

Pull-ups also respond well to "greasing the groove." For example if you have a pull-up bar over the door you go through most frequently. Just do a few reps every time you walk through.

This is exactly why people talk about biological sex, presenting sex, and gender. That does not change the definition of biological sex. Using the terms interchangeably does nothing for clarity. He, she, man, and woman when used colloquially are typically used with an associated gender. That gender is correlated with sex (when describing people in English), but does not necessarily have the same definition.

Reproductive issues in the form of infertility is not identical to sterility. Yes, the normal usage of man or woman would typically still hold. No, sterile people cannot become biological fathers or biological mothers.

Those four terms exist exactly to describe the cases in your bulleted list.

The correlation is strong. The r value is larger than 0.7 which is the threshold used to determine if a correlation is strong in the sciences, including biology.

But I've always had a slight discomfort with the gamete-focused definition of sex. Even if we allow that sexual categorization is based on a cluster of traits, like chromosomes, genitalia, bone density, face and body shape, etc., where we're just using gametes as the tie breaker, I think we run into some problems.

The strongest form of the gamete definition is not gamete-focused around a cluster of traits. The strongest form only concerns gamete contribution to sexual reproduction, which is binary in mammals. Sexual reproduction is a well defined process at the core of sexual selection, which has been known since at least the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examples of a species in class 1 are male. Examples of a species in class 2 are female. Examples of a species that are in class 3 are sterile. Examples of of a species in class 4 are hermaphrodites.

Primary sexual characteristics are the organs that produce the gametes.

The things you see at first glance for clothed individuals are secondary.

The use of the generic "trans" rather than the specific "transsexual" or "transgender" only adds to confusion when determining exactly what people are discussing.

Greer isn't arguing for anything like libertarianism or an appeal to a lofty past of rugged individualism...

His urging is that the network of rules that surround us and govern us be made by people as physically and socially close to us as possible.

Very confusingly, this description is somewhat close to what is sometimes called American individualist anarchism or aesthetic anarchism, which is somehow a branch of libertarian socialism or mutualism? Or maybe the other way. I think the gist of the idea is that individuals should voluntarily form mutually supportive networks, but that those networks should be made via deep and direct social connection rather than a mandate enforced with a monopoly on the use of force. Some of the terminology is archaic and not in the current common usage, so IDK if the message is aligns with real libertarianism.